Meet Federal Road Safty Corps

Eternity HomeMeet Federal Road Safty Corps

Statistical performance for 2020

Find out more

Open positions

Find out more

FRSC

MEET

FEDERAL ROAD SAFTY CORPS

Showcase the role of FRSC on its critical mandate in accident prevention and making roads safer.

OBJECTIVE

INTRODUCTION

Federal Road Safety Corps is the lead agency on road matter in Nigeria was established in February 18th 1988 vide Decrees No. 45 as amended by Decree 35 of 1992, both Degrees were initially cited as FRSC Act (CAP 141) Laws of the Federation of Nigeria (LFN) 1990.

This was re-enacted as (FRSC Establishment) Act 2007 which is currently in use.

The essence of the enactment was to capture current issues and broaden the commission’s mandate to holistically address issues bordering on road safety and traffic administration in Nigeria.

 

 

37 Sector commands at State capital and FCT
12 Zonal commands
183 Unit commands mainly at LGAs
  • FRSC is an organisation that is knowledge and performance driven with key performance indicators (KPIs) clearly set for its operations.
  • The Corps is currently being transformed into a world class organisation by its recent attainment of ISO 9001 2008 certification
  • The Corps Goals include attaining the Accra Declaration of 50% reduction in RTC fatality by 2015 and also meeting the UN Decade of Action for Road Safety 92011-2020)

 

OUR VISION

To eradicate Road Crashes and create safe motoring environment in Nigeria

Pledge To Drive Safely

MISSION

Regulate, enforce and co-ordinate all Road Traffic and Safety management activities through;

  • Sustained public enlightenment
  • Prompt rescue services
  • Improved vehicle administration
  • Robust data management
  • Promotion of stakeholder’s cooperation

ROAD TRANSPORT – OVERVIEW

 The absolute difficulty for transporters to acquire new trucks has brought about

  • Acquisition of second-hand trucks by operators
  • Lack of proper maintenance
  • Frequent breakdowns on the highways
  • High operating costs

These have contributed to the following

  • Road obstructions
  • Traffic gridlocks and man-hour losses
  • Road traffic crashes
  • Loss of valuable cargoes to theft and spoilages

 

CHALLENGES OF ROAD TRANSPORTATION IN NIGERIA

  • Over reliance on road mode-rail system not presently efficient and other modes like water and pipe not effectively used.
  • Inefficient transport operations use of rickety vehicles, lack of weigh bridges, overloading / speed, logistics.
  • Inadequate and poor road networks quality of infrastructure is a major problem as most roads are dilapidated due to lack of proper maintenance.
  • Inadequate transport infrastructure and services
  • Low technological level
  • Multiple traffic agencies

 

WHAT FRSC IS DOING TO TACKLE THESE CHALLENGES?

REGULATING AND ENSURING STANDARDS FOR VEHICLES, DRIVERS AND PASSENGERS THROUGH THE ROAD TRANSPORTATION SAFETY STANDARDIZATION SCHEME (RTSSSS)                                 

 FURTHER EFFORTS

  • FRSC conducts detailed studies on road furniture also known as Road Audit
  • FRSC also has strengthened its establishment Act to extent conduct of road audits to state roads
  • The corps Launched Driving School Standardization Program was (DSSO) to restore Driver’s training standards through driving schools
  • 534 Driving schools nationwide have been registered while 395 Driving schools have been certified
  • Compulsory attendance of a driving school is mandatory for all fresh applicants for acquisition of driver’s licence
  • Compulsory Medical certificate of professional competence for drivers (CPCD), as mandatory periodic 9-hour training for all commercial drivers in three years.
  • The intention of the program is to professionalize driving

(i.e., for commercial), drivers which on the long run, will instil a culture of road traffic safety consciousness on commercial drivers, thereby reducing the frequent incidences of avoidable RTCs in the country.

 

PROCEDURES FOR RENEWAL OF COMMERCIAL DRIVER’S LICENCE

Applicants logs on to www.nigeriadriverslicence.org to fill the application form online or he decides to fill the form manually.

  • Applicant presents evidence of membership of professional association such as the National Road Transport Employers Association of Nigeria (RTEAN) etc or a letter of employment as a driver.

CONCLUSION

Motorists will feel more comfortable when moving on the road is free and also safe, so let us collectively work towards achieving these. 

ELEMENTS OF ROAD TRAFFIC CRASH AND DRIVING DISTRACTIONS 

PRESENTATION OUTLINE

                                                                                                                           INTRODUCTION

Road Traffic crash constitutes a major cause of injuries, death and damages to property. According to World Health Organisation (WHO), RTC is the major leading cause of death among young people aged between 15-40 of age. The report “Youth and Road Safety “says that nearly 400,000 young people under the age of 25 are killed in Road Traffic crashes. Millions more are injured or disabled.

Nigeria has one of the highest road traffic crash figures in the world. Though there is a trend down due to the efforts of the Federal Road Safety Corps, the lead agency in traffic safety in Nigeria.

Between 1960 and 2012, a total of 1, 005067 crashes were recorded in Nigeria, with 318,041 deaths and 978,787 injuries.

NIGERIA ROAD TRAFFIC CRASHES 1960 – 2012

 

TOTAL REPORTED CASES

 

 

FATAL CASES

 

SERIOUS CASES

 

MINOR CASES

 

NO OF PERSONS KILLED

 

NO OF PERSONS INJURED

 

TOTAL CASUALITIES

 

1, 005076

 

 

162,383

 

434, 088

 

408,605

 

318, 041

 

978,787

 

1,296,828

SOURCES: NPF / FRSC

 

DEFINATION

A vehicle crash is a road traffic incident which usually involves at least one vehicle being in collision with either another vehicle, road user or stationary roadside object and which may result in property damage, injury or even death.

CAUSES OF ROAD TRAFFIC CRASHES

The three major causes of road traffic crashes are;

  • Human
  • Mechanical
  • Environment

However, for the purpose of this lecture we shall discuss the causes of RTC under the following headings;

  • Driver
  • Vehicle and
  • Road 

DIAGRAM OF THE RELATIONSHIPNAMONG ROAD, VEHICLE AND DRIVER

 

                                              

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

DRIVER

The major contributing factor for many crashes is the performance of drivers in both single vehicle and multi- vehicle crashes.

The pre-crash driver’s behaviour/attitude, is very important in judging the driver’s action.

ATTITUDINAL FACTORS

Knowledge: The driver should be knowledgeable on traffic rules and regulations etc.

Skills: As defensive driver, you must be skilful. You are expected to know the condition or special peculiarity of the vehicle you are driving and how to handle it, ways and means of manoeuvre, etc.

FORESIGHT

A good driver must have a god foresight to identify a potential danger e.g., intersection.

 

TYPES OF DRIVERS

We have different categories of drivers based on what they perform and the type of vehicles they drive.

Few examples are;

Perfect driver No perfect driver on earth
Good driver Careful and obedient driver
Bad driver Unskilful and reckless driver
Drunk driver Using drugs for influence
Influenced driver Uses other devises e.g., juju
Unskilful Vehicle mover
Reckless driver Unskilful and stubborn

DRIVING DISTRACTIONS

Driving is an activity that requires your complete attention. Driving while distracted is dangerous and can result in crashes.

Distractions can be of three types;

  • Manual [when the driver’s hands are not on the steering wheel].
  • Visual [ when his eyes are off the road]
  • Cognitive [ the driver’s mind is off the road]

Let us see common driving distractions

  • Using wireless devices such as cell phones
  • Talking to and interacting with passengers/ singing
  • Reaching for food, CDs, falling objects, or other internal distractions
  • Programming radio stations or tinkering with dashboard controls
  • Using an electric razor, applying makeup, or other personal hygiene related actions
  • Unwrapping a burger, opening a can or other movements while at wheel
  • Diverting your attention to admire a scenic view, watching a billboard or an accident scene and reading street names.
  • Admiring provocative ladies dressing/ beautiful faces
  • Smoking
  • Using the laptop to check emails

 

VEHICLE

  • Another cause of RTC is the poor maintenance of vehicles plying our roads
  • Lack or non-observance of specifications and standards on the vehicles that are used on the roads
  • Failure in any part of the vehicle always leads to RTC which most of the time claim lives and damage properties

 

ROAD

  • A close analysis of our transportation sector shows that most goods and services in Nigeria are transported on road which are either poorly constructed or maintained
  • Most of our highways and street are either not lit or poorly lit in the night resulting in so many crashes
  • There is no doubt that road construction is capital intensive and is mostly handled by the government or its institution
  • Bad road or poorly constructed road and poor maintenance of road have led to deaths, injuries and damage to property.
  • Weather conditions in terms of rain, wind, cloud and haze which could also impede visibility and control could also aid occurrence of RTC
  • Erosion may lead to washing off of the road bridges, damaging of road furniture or uprooting of trees that fell on the road serving as death traps.

EFFECT OF RTC

  • Loss of skilled and unskilled man power that will drive the development of the economy.
  • Heavy financial on the families and the national large in terms of treatment, and damage to properties.
  • Reduction in the gross domestic product (GDP) of the country.
  • Increase in the number of dependents
  • Psychological trauma on victims and their families

 

RTC REDUCTION STRATEGIES

It is generally known that a single misbehaviour from a driver could lead to RTC which may claim lives, therefore a change of attitude by all drivers will go a long way in reducing crashes.

Some of the ways of reducing RTC are;

Do the opposite of the causes.

Improved driver behaviours through

  • Continuous training and retraining drivers
  • Continuous information flow on safety programmes, schemes and strategies
  • Practice defensive driving skills

 

VEHICLES

  • Vehicles maintenance / purchase of standard vehicle parts.
  • Government agents responsible for ensuring manufacturers of vehicles meet safety standards should stand up to their responsibility
  • Ban the importation of substandard vehicles in the country

 

ROAD

  • Provision of road signs
  • Continuous education of the public on the proper use of the road.
  • Regular maintenance of the road by the government
  • Strict government policies on the construction of roads in Nigeria by road construction companies
  • Punishment for person/persons that damage road and road signs.

 

OBSERVED COMMON DRIVING ERRORS

  • Breaking traffic rules
  • Speeding
  • Misjudging speed of others
  • Failure to observe hazards ahead
  • Incorrect overtaking manoeuvres
  • Poor road condition
  • Misleading or absence of signalling
  • Distractions

 

 

CONSCLUSION

  • RTC is a waste on the nation in terms of human, material and financial resources which could have been used in the development of other sectors of the economy
  • Efforts should be geared towards reducing RTC by both individuals, private and government because

of the street effects on families, communities and the country in general.

 

DEFENSIVE DRIVING SKILLS

 

 

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

INTRODUCTION

  • Driving remains one of the most dangerous activities we venture into daily, either as drivers or passengers.
  • Many drivers do not drive well, some drive at aggressive speed, stray into other lanes because they are absent minded or are distracted etc.
  • Most of these driving manoeuvres have led to crashes that left many suspecting people death and others with various degree of injuries
  • With little care, knowledge and caution these crashes are all avoidable
  • To avoid these crashes is for us to be able to recognise the dangers in ours and other people’s driving situations and develop our defences.
  • Therefore, the need for defensive driving skills

 

CONCEPT OF DEFENSIVE DRIVING SKILL

  • Defensive driving is a conscious way of driving that helps reduce the risk or chances of being in a crash.
  • To avoid the dangers caused by other people’s bad driving behaviours, acquiring defensive driving skills becomes very necessary.
  • Defensive driving skills entail driving with the anticipation of dangerous situation, being at alert at all time, and making the right decision at all times.
  • If you develop road safety or defensive driving skills, you will be able to avoid collision with other or any form of crash, stay out of the hospital, and even save lives.
  • It therefore means that you will always be at alert when driving, look around constantly for danger and minimize distractions in the car.
  • Allow enough distance between vehicles and use the basic defensive driving skills and steps.
  • Defensive driving skills are necessary for every driver to enable him lower and possibly eliminate the risk of driving vehicles through the anticipation of dangerous driving situations from others.
  • There are general rules that must be observed when a driver is acquiring and practising the skills to defensive driving.

 

DEFENSIVE DRIVING SKILLS RULES

There are many rules for defensive driving skills, some of which include;

  • Careful inspection of the vehicle before driving
  • Focusing on the road
  • Always assume the worst in others drivers
  • Always keep an exit route
  • Avoid danger
  • Take precaution when passing by break-down and crash scenes
  • Be aware of your cocoon of safety
  • Slow down at intersections
  • Maintain safe distance
  • Check blind spots
  • Plan your route
  • Use the right signals
  • Practise emergency braking
  • Drive only when weather permits
  • Avoid night driving

 

EXAMINING THE VEHICLE BEFORE DRIVING

  • This involves quick checks of all the components and parts prior to driving. As matter of necessity, drivers should make it a habit to carry out daily vehicle parade that includes checking of water, oil, fan belt tension, and tyres (WOFT), and other important components of the vehicle especially in preparation for a long trip.
  • Major vehicle crashes usually happen because some components and parts of the vehicle are not in good condition, most especially the brakes.
  • Make it a must to have the vehicle sent for a mechanical condition check with professionals on suspicion of faults and or periodically.

WHEN IN THE VEHICLE

  • From inside your vehicle check your external mirrors and adjust them if necessary
  • If someone else has driven the vehicle, you may also have to re- adjust the rear-view mirror to suit you.
  • The external and internal cleanliness of the windscreen, side and rear windows is also something to attend to.
  • When you turn on the ignition, watch out for any warning light indicator such as that of petrol, oil, temperature, etc

 

 

WHY WEAR SEAT BELT?

  • The most important reason for wearing a seat belt during driving is that it reduces the chances of injury by 50% if one meets with a crash
  • It protects a person’s vital organs like head (brain) and chest (heart) from getting injured.
  • Wearing seat belts is a law. Both the driver as well as the passengers in a vehicle should wear a seat belt.

 

 

FRSC EMERGENCY LINES

122 (TOLL FREE)

0700- CALL-FRSC OR

0700 – 2255 – 3772

 

HOW TO MAINTAIN A SAFE SPACE

  • Stay back far enough from the car in front of you, 4 seconds in good road conditions, 6 seconds if you’re in heavy traffic or bad weather.
  • Watch for the vehicle ahead of you to pass a sign on other landmark, then allow either 4 or 6 seconds for your car to reach the landmark.

EXECUTIVE PROTECTION DRIVING

  • Due to increase in violent crimes and other social vices like armed robbery, assassin actions, terrorism, kidnapping etc, the target are most highly placed people.
  • They are mostly attacked in transit or sometimes at their residences. Therefore, the need for executive protection driving.
  • Executive protection driving technique aims at protecting, shielding or covering somebody from physical harm or destruction or to guide and defend.
  • This is accomplished through techniques and tactics that are designed to avoid potential danger.

Executive protection drivers use different and unexpected driving, entry, and exit routes to try and avoid set patterns of movements or risks.

An assailing driver can always penetrate a ring of protection but he has to find the ring of protection first and by constantly alternating routes it makes it much more difficult for potential threat to do so.

 

EXECUTIVE PROTECTION – DRIVER’S RESPONSIBILITIES

  • Carry out instructions on vehicle / occupant’s security and safety within and outside organisation’s premises.
  • Ensure the security and safety of his passengers and goods/items in the car at all times
  • Protect every information about the boss
  • Guard against flippant or engage in “loose” talks
  • Do not disclose unwarranted information
  • Strictly follow the principles of;
  1. Need To Know
  2. Need To Hold
  3. Need To Go

BE ALERT AND VIGILANT ALWAYS

  • Take note and correct identified situations to reduce vulnerability to crime/criminals
  • Identify alternate routes of travel to and from work and other locations that you frequent

SECURITY DRIVING

  • Security hazard is anything that endangers or exposes a target to danger, which may affect life, property and information
  • It is a contributing factor to peril and risk
  • Can be categorized
  • VEHICLE CONDITION
  • SECURITY AND SAFETY HABITS
  • TRAVEL PATTERNS AND CRIME

PRINCIPLES OF SECURITY DRIVING TECHNIQUES

There are risks associated with every journey like road traffic crashes, robbery, kidnapping, boko haram etc.

Therefore, a driver must be proactive to address these risks. However, no one measure can give effective security

It is a combination of PHYSICAL, PROCEDURES and ATTITUDE.

A security minded driver will always adhere to the principles of 2NEED TO KNOW” in order to discern/ interpret situations like;

  • FAKE GOOD SAMARITHAN
  • FAKE VICTIM NEEDING HELP
  • FORCE – OVER
  • BLOCKADE
  • EGGS/ STNE-ON-WINDSHIELD
  • FAKE-POLICE CHECKPOINT ETC

 

 

EFFECTIVE SECURITY DRIVING

This is based on six realities of situations, conditions, location of the driver who must constantly also be looking, seeing and checking realities.

The six realities are:

  1. What – is that object?
  2. Who- are those people in the CAR?
  3. When – was the object removed?
  4. Where – are the items left yesterday?
  5. Why – is that engine left running?
  6. How – did the trespasser get in?

For proper vigilance, the driver must understand the five basic elements of security driving techniques viz:

  1. ANTICIPATION / AWARENESS – risk in the area
  2. OBSERVATION – looking for manifestation of the risks
  3. RECOGNITION – of such manifestation of risks
  4. REACTION – to the risks / prevention of same
  5. REPORTING – for action to be taken for prevention of reoccurrence

CHECK LIST FOR SECURITY DRIVING

  • Beware of people taking more than the normal interest in your vehicle, home, office
  • Beware of unusual vehicle in the vicinity of your home, office
  • Beware of people asking questions about what you do at home, at the office or during recreation
  • Always look out for strange cars following or tailing you
  • Be suspicious and if your suspicion arose, consult your boss and advice to consult the police
  • Be prepared to use the car as a weapon when occasion demands
  • Never stop for anyone you do not know, even if you know them, have a second thought as close friend could always be used as a decoy
  • Drive on major road always, if possible
  • Do not use high speed as the main method of avoiding a pursuing car.
  • You may lose control of the vehicle
  • Do not allow a pursing vehicle draw up alongside your car and stay beside you
  • Drive your car around and get away from the place
  • Stay away from corners
  • Always remember, when travelling in a vehicle, movement is a primary defence
  • So, keep moving!

 

VEHICLE SECURITY / CONDITION HAZARD

A good driver will make sure that his vehicle is in top performance condition otherwise, it will disappoint him in an emergency when it is expected to save lives, property and information.

CONCLUSION

Defensive driving is a good way to ensure that one is not caught in an unpleasant road incidence. Stay focused and pay attention while driving.

The driver must ensure the security and safety of his passengers and goods/ items in the car at all times.

You are not just accountable for your own safety, but the safety of your passengers is also in your hands. Drive responsibly!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES

 

OUTLINE

 

CONCLUSION

 

WAYS TO COMBAT STRESS

 

STRESS AND DRIVER’S HEALTH

 

EFFECTS OF DRUGS ON DRIVING

 

ISSUES IN DRIVING HEALTH

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

INTRODUCTION

  • Driving is a serious exercise that requires total concentration, good sense of judgment and good reflexes. These are conditions within the driver that have direct effect on his safety and safety of others. The conditions on the other hand are either self-generated and or influenced by certain actions.
  • Research has shown that, about 80% of road traffic crashes are human related, with most of them stemming from lack of concentration, fatigue, bad judgment and poor reflexes.
  • Driving health is the condition or fitness state of the driver.

 

ISSUES IN DRIVING HEALTH

 

VISION

 

Attention and reaction time

 

 

 

 

 

Drugs

 

Fitness

                                                                                                                                          

 

 

 

Stress

 

 

 

 

 

VISION

  • EYESIGHT; The ability to see and identify colours
  • COLOUR VISION DEFECTS; Defective colour vision, or colour blindness

 

  • There are two types of colour defects

 

INHERITED: These defects are congenital, genetically inherited and without other associated abnormality but they can have a major impact on one’s driving.

ACQUIRED: These defects may be prelude to serious eye conditions

  • FAR- SIGHTEDNESS: Inability to see distant objects clearly than near objects
  • SHORT SIGHTEDNESS: Inability to see far objects clearly
  • PLEASE VISIT A professional for a colour vision test to know your status

FITNESS

  • PHYSICAL FITNESS OF THE BODY – Relating to the body rather than the mind, soul or feelings
  • Mental – of the brain and the mind
  • PSYCHOLOGICAL – of emotion, feeling and distraction.

 

ATTENTION & REACTION TIME

  • Time between stimulus and response – The interval between the application of a stimulus and the first indication of a response ‘Action and Reaction Interval’
  • Concentration: Mental focus, serious consideration – PAY ATTENTION
  • Interest: notice, to be seen – Draw attention.
  • Appropriate treatment: care, tending
  • Affection act: Politeness, love – Give attention

 

DRUG DRIVING

Driving under the influence of any drug that acts on the brain could impair one’s driving skills, reaction time, and judgement. Some of these drugs include:

  • Indian hemp, weed or Igbo etc
  • Marijuana
  • Cocaine
  • Heroine
  • Kolanut

Also, depressants like velum are dangerous when used with alcohol.

 

DRUG ABUSE

A drug is a chemical substance used in the treatment of diseases, illness etc, such substances when abused are counterproductive

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SIDE EFFECT OF DRUG ABUSE

  • Aggressiveness
  • Visual impairment
  • High risk behaviour
  • False sense of alertness
  • Euphoria (over happiness)
  • Illusion/ Hallucination etc

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

DOZINESS

Consult with your doctor or pharmacist about side effects of medication. Do not drive if the bottle says not to operate machinery while taking the medicine. Understand your medications always.

 

STRESS MANAGEMENT IN DRIVING

Every human being faces stressful situations generated by himself, his environment, style of life and many other things surrounding him.

  • Living is therefore stressful and one must find adequate ways of coping with stress.
  • Thus, stress is more likely in some situations than others and in some individuals than others. Stress can undermine the achievement of goals, both for individuals and for organisations

However, stress is best seen in people’s behaviours, especially in changes due to:

  • Pressures and demands put on an individual
  • Maladaptive responses of individuals – for example, anxiety, irritability, aches and pains.
  • An interaction between situational demands and the resources of the individual to cope with them
  • A reaction that can be positive or negative, depending on the situation.
  • A transactional process, whereby the ability of a person to prevent stress is determined by that person’s appraisal of threat and his/her appraisal of his/her coping abilities.

STAGES OF STRESS

  • Resistance Stage: Denial of feelings, emotional isolation and narrowing of interests
  • Alarm Stage: These include anxiety, anger, depression and fear.
  • Exhaustion Stage: Loss of self-confidence, poor sleep habit, unusual and erective behaviour and physical problem

STRESS CAN OCCUR AS A RESULT:

  • Job dissatisfaction
  • Low control over one’s situation
  • Poor human relation skills
  • Broken homes
  • Poor time management
  • Workload
  • Difficult boss
  • Lack of staff welfare
  • Work environment and changes in life style etc

 

EFFECT OF STRESS ON DRIVERS

Generally, the following are the usual effects of stress on drivers.

  • Poor health potentiality
  • Low work input and output
  • High or untimely mortality
  • High rate of occupational crashes
  • Aggressive and reckless driving
  • Fatigue

SYMPTOMS OF STRESS

  • Restlessness
  • Respiratory problems
  • Unexplainable sweating
  • Reduced social and cosmic interaction
  • Loss of weight
  • Lack of appetite
  • Reduced sexual potency
  • Sleeplessness
  • Infertility
  • General pains

 

WAYS TO COMBAT STRESS

Do opposite of the causes!

  • Have better attitude towards life
  • Develop positive healthy attitude. Make regular routine medical checks/ exercises, a glass of cold water etc
  • Work smarter not harder
  • Change your environment

However, the best way of minimizing stress is to treat the cause not the symptoms.

DIETING

Good dieting improves good health potentiality. Some drivers can go for hours without food or in the name of saving some money develop poor eating habits.

 

CONCLUSION

The use of drugs is a major cause of road traffic crashes when people take some drugs and drive, they tend to lose their ability to co- ordinate their activities perfectly and their reflexes level drop.

Stress does not exist anywhere in the environment; it is only created in the minds of individuals of their own reactions to events and circumstances that they encounter in their daily lives.

 

UNDERSTANDING HIGH WAY CODE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES

At the end of this discussion, participants should be able to:

  • State reasons for the highway code
  • Explain the parts of the highway code
  • Identify road traffic signs by shapes or colours
  • List the various pavement markings
  • Demonstrate knowledge of the highway code in their daily activities.

OUTLINE OF PRESENTATION

  • Introduction
  • Parts and sections of the highway code
  • Types of road traffic signs
  • Shapes and colours of road traffic signs
  • Types of pavement markings
  • Conclusion

INTRODUCTION

  • Worried about too many deaths and injuries resulting from road traffic crashes due to lack of knowledge of traffic regulations and procedures, poor judgement and which ends up in costly wrong decisions, the FEDERAL ROAD SAFETY CORPS decided on having a standard road traffic code which should guide our decisions towards achieving safe motoring environment in Nigeria.
  • The 2008 highway code is therefore an improvement on the previous ones in line with the present trends in road traffic management.

PART ONE: PREROAD USE ACTIVITIES

This part of the Highway Code has 9 sections. It exposes us to pre road use activities we should know. These include:

  • The knowledge of the types of roads which includes dual carriage, expressway, single carriageway, and what to do at the different types of junctions, interchanges and roundabouts.
  • The understanding that the road is shared with other road users such as pedestrians, cyclist, motorist, children, traders, hawkers.
  • Qualifying for a driver’s licence, knowing the classes of driver’s license, how to obtain the driver’s license renewal etc
  • Vehicle registration requirement, the different types of number plates, the vehicle inspection routine for road worthiness, and vehicle insurance.
  • Vehicle checklist which concerns basically gadgets expected to be carried in every vehicle at all times.
  • Others are basic safety check (vehicle parade); requirement for tourist in Nigeria; and services for physically challenged persons.
  • Causes of road crashes considering the Guman, Mechanical and environmental factors.

 

 

 

TYPES OF ROADS

 

EXPRESSWAY                                           DUAL CARRIAGEWAY

 

                              

T – JUNCTION                                                    CROSS JUNCTION

 

                        

Y-JUNCTION                                  ROUNDABOUT

  • CLOVER LEAF
  • DIAMOND
  • TRUMPET
  • DIRECTIONAL

 

PART TWO: ROAD USE ACTIVITIES

This part is divided into 5 sections with major concern on activities while using the road. It exposes readers to measure on how to drive safely beginning from what to do before and during take-off; braking, reversing, turning, parking at the road junctions, when overtaking, speed limits, expressway driving and following at distance.

 

ROAD SIGNS AND MARKINGS

  • Road traffic are structural designs erected along the road sides for the purpose of directing, warning and informing the motoring public and pedestrians of road features ahead to guide their decisions.
  • A good knowledge of road traffic signs and marking is compulsory for all drivers, as these are the basic communication means with the road that guarantees safe motoring.

 

SHAPES AND COLOURS OF ROAD SIGNS

 

ROAD MARKINGS

  • Road markings serve a very important function in conveying to road users’ information and requirements which might not be possible using upright signs. They have the advantage that they can often be seen when a verge- mountain sign is obscured and unlike such signs, they can provide a continuing message.
  • Road markings make a vital contribution to safety by clearly defining the path to be followed through hazards, by separating conflicting movements and by delineating the road edge on unlit roads at night.
  • Like it is with the road signs, markings are into different forms and can be used to conveying information and instructions to the road users.
  • Apart from the longitudinal and hatch marking, pedestrian crossing, cycle marking, buss marking, waiting restriction, traffic calming, train, disabled, etc
  • The longitudinal markings are usually lines that provide prohibitory information especially when they are continuous and not broken. These set of markings bring about lane discipline

TYPICAL ROAD MARKINGS

 

PART THREE: POST ROAD USE ACTIVITIES

  • This is the last part of the Highway Code. It is divided into four section deals with issues that are aftermath of the road use such as in the event of road crash. These involves first aid and casualty handling; identification of the different classes of fire and how to handle automobile fires, identifications and handling of hazardous substances and traffic offences at a glance.
  • To be able to successfully render assistance to victims of road traffic crashes, proper understanding of first aid especially of what is expected of you is very important as it gives confidence. We therefore need to take our time to learn and understand these as drivers since the road is our own work environment.

CONCLUSION

  • For Nigeria its dream of reducing road traffic crash fatalities by 50% in the year 2015, and for its road to be one of 20 worlds safest, everybody has to be involved.
  • Get a highway code, read it, make it your guide, know it, and demonstrate what you have learnt from it, then our roads will be free of crashes.

TIPS FOR AGGRESIVE DRIVING AND ROAD RAGE

Aggression is defined as a forceful action or procedure. It is also explained as the practice of making attacks or encroachments.

Aggression is a hostile, injurious or destructive behaviour or an outlook especially caused by frustration.

Rage is defined as a violent and uncontrolled anger, a fit of violent wrath. It is also seen as an intense feeling that could lead to destruction.

Road Rage is defined as a motorist’s uncontrolled anger that is usually provoked by another motorist’s irritating act or other environmental factors and it’s expressed in aggressive or violent behaviour.

In contemporary times, the number of vehicles on the road had drastically increased and this has led to increased anxiety and frustration due to environmental factors like traffic congestion, bad road, narrow highways etc

Occasionally, motorists have found themselves in unpleasant situations involving abusive gestures or language from another driver who has issues with how they drive.

Anxiety and frustration can quickly spark an aggression or careless driver who tailgates, speeds, fails to yield the right way among other behaviours.

Aggressive driving may lead to incidents of road rage where motorists have been threatened and or subjected to retaliatory actions by angry motorists.

If people drive responsibly, they will reduce the chances of conflict on the road and help make our road safer.

 

EXPERTS RECOMMEND THE FOLLOWING TIPS TO HELP AVOID ROAD CONFLICTS;

  • Plan your route in advance. Some of the most erratic and inconsiderate motorist driving occurs when drivers are lost.
  • Make conscious decision not to take your problems with you when driving.
  • Combat the warning signs of stress by getting fresh air and breathing deeply and slowly. Listen to relaxing music
  • Avoid long drives if you can. If you take a long trip, stop every few hours for a rest. Before and during a long drive, avoid heavy meals which tend to make a person lethargic.
  • Drive in a courteous and considerate manner. Give way at busy intersections and where traffic lanes merge.
  • Don’t compete or retaliate. If someone’s driving annoys you, don’t try to educate them. Leave traffic enforcement to the police.
  • Don’t take another driver’s mistake personally.
  • Avoid honking your horns unless absolutely necessary and if you must, tap on it lightly.
  • Say “sorry” if you make a mistake. An apology can reduce the risk conflict.
  • If you are being physically threatened, stay in your car and lock the doors. If you have a cell phone, call the police. Use your horn and lights to attract attention.
  • If you think you are being followed, don’t drive home. Go to a police station or a busy public place.
  • Don’t carry a defensive weapon, it might provoke a potential assailant.

Way Forward…If we can all adhere to the above tips, it will create a better and safer environment for all. We do not need forceful approaches to comply with tips. Compliance should be natural, which will help mitigate road issues.